Updating the HIV – Testing Guideline – A Modest Change with Major Consequences

The U.S. Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently released a draft statement assigning a grade A recommendation to screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the general population 15 to 65 years of age.

The proposed guidelines cite an updated systematic evidence review of the benefits and potential harms of HIV screening.  Since the previous evidence review was published in 2005, new studies have shown that antiretroviral therapy can reduce transmission by HIV – infected persons and that earlier initiation of such therapy can reduce morbidity and mortality and improve quality of life.

Source: The New England Journal of Medicine

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