Test and treat is a powerful prevention intervention and routine HIV screening plays a key role in diagnosing persons unaware of their HIV infection. Early diagnosis and treatment for HIV reduces the risk of transmission by 96 percent and if patients are maintained in care will improve health outcomes.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a powerful HIV prevention option for people who are at high risk of getting HIV. When combined with condoms and other prevention methods, PrEP provides even greater protection than when used alone. But people who use PrEP must commit to taking the drug every day and seeing their health care provider for follow-up every 3 months.