The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is poised to release recommendations on screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection that will endorse the routine testing of adults and adolescents, a position first adopted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2006.
Of the more than 1 million people in the U.S. infected with HIV, nearly half are black men, women and children — even though blacks make up about 13 percent of the population.
In early 1981, when I was designated as surgeon general, I had never heard about AIDS. No one had heard about AIDS, and the handful of scientists who knew about immunodeficiency didn’t even know what to call it, much less what it really was. AIDS entered the consciousness of the public health service quietly, gradually, and without fanfare.